Filipinos to choose next president and thousands of officials on May 9

BenarNews staff
2022.04.22
Manila
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Filipinos to choose next president and thousands of officials on May 9 Philippine workers verify printed ballots for the May 9 presidential and local elections at the National Printing Office in Quezon City, March 15, 2022.
AFP

Sixty-five million registered voters will go to the polls across the Philippines on May 9 to elect their next president, congressional officials, provincial governors and mayors.

The slate to succeed Rodrigo Duterte at the Malacañang palace includes a late dictator’s son, a retired international boxing champ, a former movie star who serves as mayor of Manila, an ex-chief of national police, and the female vice president who has led opposition to the 77-year-old president during their six years in office. 

A total of 10 candidates are on the presidential ballot. They are:

  • Leni Robredo, the outgoing vice president;
  • Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the son and namesake of the former Philippine dictator;
  • Manny Pacquiao, a former world boxing champ and sports icon;
  • Francisco Domagoso, a former movie actor who serves as Manila city mayor;
  • Panfilo Lacson, a former national police chief;
  • Ernie Abella, a former government spokesman;
  • Leody de Guzman, a labor leader;
  • Norberto Gonzales, a former national security adviser;
  • Jose Montemayor Jr., a doctor;
  • and Faisal Mangondato, who claims to represent Muslim interests in this predominantly Roman Catholic country but is largely unknown. 

In addition, voters will elect a vice president separately from the president, half of the 24-member Senate, all 316 members of the House of Representatives, and more than 17,700 officials across this archipelago nation, ranging from town and city mayors and their deputies to governors and their deputies.  

What’s at stake

Duterte, who is limited by the constitution to serve one six-year term, has seen thousands of alleged users and dealers killed in his war on drugs. He also has worked to strengthen relations with China despite ongoing tensions between the two countries in the South China Sea and a 2016 international tribunal ruling that recognized Philippine territorial claims in the disputed waterway.

The upcoming election is largely seen as a contest between Robredo and Duterte’s allies – Marcos Jr., who is running with Sara Duterte-Carpio, Duterte’s daughter who serves as mayor of the family’s home city of Davao, as the vice president.

Marcos is the current front-runner in the presidential contest, according to recent polls.  

While Marcos vowed to continue the war on drugs, he has said he would do it differently and with fewer killings. Observers said Marcos likely would protect Duterte from investigations into the killings, including by the International Criminal Court, when he leaves office and loses immunity from prosecution.

Robredo, a lawyer and a former member of Congress who beat Marcos Jr. in the 2016 race for vice president, has said she would investigate the killings and overhaul some of Duterte’s policies, specifically his South China Sea policy.

She said she wants China to respect the 2016 international ruling, which invalidated its expansive claims to the sea region. In January, she said that if she won, she would use the ruling as a leverage to “create a coalition of nations who are with us in protecting the West Philippine Sea,” what Manila calls its South China Sea territories.

Here are snapshot bios of the top five presidential contenders:

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Vice President Maria Leonor “Leni” Robredo [Jun Santiago III/BenarNews]

Vice President Leni Robredo

Maria Leonor “Leni” Robredo, 57, is a lawyer who served in the House of Representatives member before being elected vice president in 2016 – defeating Marcos Jr. She hopes to become only the third woman to be elected as leader of the Southeast Asian nation. 

Robredo initially expressed reluctance to join the race, but was persuaded by an opposition coalition as the only candidate who could beat what is seen as an extension of the Duterte administration in Marcos. She has portrayed herself as the stabilizing candidate and the preferred choice of the business community. 

She first ran for public office in 2013 after the death of her husband, an interior secretary under Duterte’s predecessor, President Benigno Aquino III.

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Ferdinand Marcos Jr. [Jason Gutierrez/BenarNews]

Ferdinand Marcos Jr.

Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., 64, did not graduate from college but has a “special diploma” in social studies from Oxford University, and in the 1970s attended the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School of Business.

His father and namesake had ruled the country with an iron fist, leading to reported deaths of thousands during his regime. Authorities believe he plundered as much as U.S. $10 billion from the nation’s coffers.

A people’s power revolt in 1986 led to the Marcos family fleeing the country – his father died in Hawaii three years later. The elder Marcos’ widow, Imelda, and their children were allowed to return home and have since rebuilt their political power.

Marcos Jr. is married to Louise Cacho-Araneta, a lawyer and who is believed to have engineered his return to power in what analysts said was a move to clear the family name. He has served in the House and Senate, and as a governor as well.

His eldest of three sons, Ferdinand Alexander, 28, is carrying on the family’s political tradition by running for a House seat this year. 

Marcos Jr. has said he plans to “unify” the country if he wins.

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Sen. Emmanuel “Manny” Pacquiao [Courtesy Pacquiao campaign]

Sen. Emmanuel ‘Manny’ Pacquiao 

“Manny” Pacquiao, 43, is one of the most recognizable athletes in the world. He is the only man in boxing history to hold world titles in eight different divisions and he is on a first-name basis with Hollywood stars and other global celebrities.  

The 5-foot 5-inch athlete grew up poor in southern General Santos city before stowing away on a boat to Manila, where he started his boxing career, earning less than 100 pesos a fight. He was rejected in his attempt to represent the Philippines as an Olympics boxer.

Despite his early setback, Pacquiao’s power and speed in the ring saw him defeat some of the world’s top boxers in major money-making matches.

As Pacquiao’s fame and wealth grew, so did his profile. He parlayed his fame into politics, but failed on his first attempt to be elected to Congress in 2007. He would later win a seat at the House of Representatives, before securing a Senate seat in 2016. 

Pacquiao remains one of the most popular politicians in recent memory and allied himself with Duterte over the drug war, but differed with the president over the South China Sea. In addition, he has accused the Duterte government of corruption.

He and his wife, Jinkee, have five children.

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Manila Mayor Francisco Domagoso [Courtesy Domagoso campaign]

Mayor Francisco Domagoso 

Born in Manila’s impoverished Tondo district, Francisco Domagoso, 47, has served as the mayor of the Philippines’ capital city since July 2019. A son of a stevedore and a housewife, Domagoso as a child scavenged for food that his mother prepared for family meals. 

A talent scout spotted Domagoso attending a wake in 1993, an encounter that led to him hosting a daily variety show and launching his career in show business. From there, he won a seat on the city council for three consecutive terms through 2004 and was elected to his first term as vice mayor in 2007.

Domagoso studied local legislation at the University of the Philippines and law at the Arellano University in Manila. He also took courses at the executive education programs at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and at Oxford University’s Saïd Business School. 

He lost his Senate race in 2016, but Duterte appointed him to several government posts. Campaigning in 2019, he won his race for Manila mayor, defeating his idol, former President Joseph Estrada, who had also starred in movies. 

Pundits have given Domagoso little chance of winning, but he has said that he wanted to strike while the iron was hot.

He has promised to build hospitals and housing units for the poor. 

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Sen. Panfilo “Ping” Lacson [Courtesy Lacson campaign]

Sen. Panfilo ‘Ping’ Lacson 

At 73, Lacson, a former national police chief, is one of the most experienced candidates.

As the country’s former top cop, he endeared himself to the Filipino-Chinese community by taking on kidnapping syndicates who preyed on them. He would later win a seat in the Senate, where he has been seen as a maverick politician. 

Some critics have called him a Duterte enabler, but also note that he has called out the president on issues. Lacson portrays himself as a politician who speaks out against corruption.

Lacson authored the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020 that was signed by Duterte. Human rights groups have questioned the law, calling it a tool that could be used to stifle dissent.

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